Friday, February 22, 2008

Sekilas tentang Inventor

Autodesk Inventor
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Autodesk Inventor is the 3D parametric solid modeling package produced by U.S.-based software company Autodesk. It competes with other CAD systems such as SolidWorks, Pro/ENGINEER, and Solid Edge. Introduced in 1999, many years after all these other systems, it was designed to enable personal computers, to build, model and test, extensive/complex assemblies or models like most other CAD systems.


Unlike AutoCAD, Inventor is based on newer, more advanced parametric modeling techniques seen in products like SolidWorks and Pro/ENGINEER. However, Inventor takes these concepts to the next level to make it easier for engineering designers to put together and test functional concepts before defining dimensional details. Inventor accomplishes this using an approach that Autodesk calls "Functional Design."

Inventor users begin by designing of parts. These parts can then be combined into assemblies or design within the context of an assembly. As a parametric modeler, it should not be confused with traditional CAD programs. It is used in design and engineering to produce and perfect new products. Whereas in non-parametric CAD programs the dimensions are geometry-driven, a parametric modeler allows the geometry to be dimension-driven. If the dimensions are altered, the geometry automatically updates based on the new dimension. This allows the designer to store their design intent within the model, whereas non-parametric modeling is more akin to a 'digital drafting board'. Inventor also has tools for sheetmetal part creation, welded part creation, and, starting with Version 10, a rendering and animation environment called Inventor Studio based on the Mental Ray rendering engine.

The crucial building blocks of Inventor are parts. They are made by defining features, which are based on sketches. For example, in order to make a simple cube, a user would first make a square sketch, then use the Extrude tool to make a cube feature out of it. If a user then wanted to add a shaft coming out of the cube, he could add a sketch on the desired face, draw a circle, and then extrude that circle to create a shaft. One can also use work planes to produce sketches that may be offset from the usable planes of the part. The best aspect of this design is that all of the sketches and features can be edited later, without having to redo the entire part. This system of modeling is much more intuitive than in older modeling environments, where if you wanted to change basic dimensions, you would usually have to delete the entire file and start over.

As the final part of the process, parts are then connected to make assemblies. Assemblies can consist of both parts and other assemblies. Parts are joined together by adding constraints between surfaces, edges, planes, point and axes. For example, if one was adding a sprocket onto a shaft, an insert constraint could be added to the shaft and the sprocket saying that the center of the shaft was the same as the center of the sprocket. The distance between the surface of the sprocket and the end of the shaft can also be specified with the insert constraint. Other constraints include flush, mate, insert, angle, and tangent.

This method of modeling allows for the creation of very large, complicated assemblies, especially since sets of parts can be put together before they are joined to the main assembly, and some projects may have many sub assemblies.

Inventor uses specific file formats for parts (.IPT), assemblies (.IAM) and drawing views (.IDW) but the DWG file format can be imported/exported. Autodesk has been pushing Design Web Format (.DWF) as the preferred data interchange and review format. Design Review 2007 was released as free software by Autodesk on February 1st, 2007.

Generally considered a latecomer to the market, Inventor has been developed using a newer technology-base to allow for unique innovations. Inventor is bundled with AutoCAD, AutoCAD Mechanical, and Vault (a workgroup document management system) to provide engineering designers what they need to be productive with legacy data as well as with new 3D-modeling product developement. In the last several years Inventor has grown to include functionality contained in many of the mid-level to high level 3D modelers with additional functionality to bring ideas and concepts to reality more easily and efficiently. Inventor uses Shape Manager as its geometric modeling kernel, which is proprietary to Autodesk and was derived from the ACIS modeling kernel.

Sekilas tentang AutoCAD

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
AutoCAD is a CAD software application for 2D and 3D design and drafting, developed and sold by Autodesk, Inc. Initially released in late 1982, AutoCAD was one of the first CAD programs to run on personal computers, and notably the IBM PC. Most CAD software at the time ran on graphics terminals connected to mainframe computers or mini-computers.
In earlier releases, AutoCAD used primitive entities — such as lines, polylines, circles, arcs, and text — as the foundation for more complex objects. Since the mid-1990s, AutoCAD has supported custom objects through its C++ API. Modern AutoCAD includes a full set of basic solid modeling and 3D tools, but lacks some of the more advanced capabilities of solid modeling applications.
AutoCAD supports a number of application programming interfaces (APIs) for customization and automation. These include AutoLISP, Visual LISP, VBA, .NET and ObjectARX. ObjectARX is a C++ class library, which was also the base for products extending AutoCAD functionality to specific fields, to create products such as AutoCAD Architecture, AutoCAD Electrical, AutoCAD Civil 3D, or third-party AutoCAD-based applications.
AutoCAD's native file format, DWG, and to a lesser extent, its interchange file format, DXF, have become de facto standards for CAD data interoperability. AutoCAD in recent years has included support for DWF, a format developed and promoted by Autodesk for publishing CAD data. In 2006, Autodesk estimated the number of active DWG files to be in excess of one billion. In the past, Autodesk has estimated the total number of DWG files in existence to be more than three billion.

Version history
• Version 1.0 (Release 1) - December 1982
• Version 1.2 (Release 2) - April 1983
• Version 1.3 (Release 3) - August 1983
• Version 1.4 (Release 4) - October 1983
• Version 2.0 (Release 5) - October 1984
• Version 2.1 (Release 6) - May 1985
• Version 2.5 (Release 7) - June 1986
• Version 2.6 (Release 8) - April 1987
• Release 9 - September 1987
• Release 10 - October 1988
• Release 11 - October 1990
• Release 12 - June 1992 (last release for Apple Macintosh)
• Release 13 - November 1994 (last release for Unix, MS-DOS and Windows 3.11)
• Release 14 - February 1997
• AutoCAD 2000 (R15.0) - March 1999
• AutoCAD 2000i (R15.1)- July 2000
• AutoCAD 2002 (R15.6) - June 2001
• AutoCAD 2004 (R16.0) - March 2003
• AutoCAD 2005 (R16.1) - March 2004
• AutoCAD 2006 (R16.2) - March 2005
• AutoCAD 2007 (R17.0) - March 2006
• AutoCAD 2008 (R17.1) - March 2007
• AutoCAD 2009 (R17.2) - March 2008